Pause ciné du 10 février 2015

WILD  whiplash phoenix mommy Night-call-affiche  lego

Au sommaire de ce nouveau Ciné Break : des grands espaces et une quête personnelle mais aussi le renouveau du cinéma allemand, une relation complexe entre un professeur de jazz  et son élève, une mère prête à tout pour son fils, un génie des mathématiques, un “ver de la nuit” en quête d’images choc et pour finir des Légo animés !

Lauriane a ouvert le bal en nous parlant du film « Wild » de Jean-Marc Vallée, avec Reese Witherspoon.
L’histoire d’une femme, brisée par la mort de sa mère dont elle ne parvient pas à faire le deuil. Bien que mariée et mère de famille, elle plonge dans diverses addictions, menant son couple en échec.  Elle prend alors la décision de tourner le dos à son passé et se lance dans un périple de 3 à 4 mois, en solitaire à travers les Etats-Unis, à pied, dans une forme de quête intérieure.

Wild Bande-annonce VO

Elle va devoir puiser dans ses plus profondes ressources, souffrir pour se dépasser, affronter ses démons, ses souvenirs et ainsi se découvrir.

Le film a laissé un sentiment mitigé à Lauriane qui fut un peu frustrée de ne pas avoir pu cerner toutes les subtilités des dialogues et de l’histoire, la projection étant en version originale non sous-titrée et en raison d’un trop grand nombre de flash-backs sur sa vie passée.

« Wild » rappelle forcément le souvenir du film « Into the Wild » de Sean Penn, sorti en 2007, où un jeune homme, fraîchement diplômé, décidait de tout plaquer pour partir seul à travers les Etats-Unis, sans un sou en poche.

Le côté « voyage intérieur » a également fait penser au film de David Lynch « Une histoire vraie », sorti en 1999 ainsi qu’à « Nebraska » sorti l’an dernier.

Nicolas nous a, quant à lui, parlé de « Phoenix », film allemand du réalisateur Christian Petzold.

L’histoire de Nelly, qui a perdu toute sa famille dans des camps de concentration Nazis et qui revient chez elle sous une nouvelle identité après avoir subi une lourde opération chirurgicale au visage. Elle retrouvera son mari, mais ce dernier la croyant mort, ne la reconnaitra pas. Il va alors lui demander de jouer le rôle de sa femme afin qu’il puisse toucher son héritage. Nelly acceptera de jouer le jeu….

Phoenix Bande-annonce VO

Nicolas nous explique alors que le personnage de Nelly est une allégorie de l’Allemagne et du cinéma allemand qui doivent tous deux se reconstruire après la guerre et dresse le parallèle avec un autre film de Christian Petzold « Barbara » dans lequel on retrouve le même duo d’acteurs.

Les années 2000 voient arriver une nouvelle vague de jeunes réalisateurs allemands très talentueux et engagés après des décennies où le cinéma allemand s’était construit sur ce traumatisme et avait du mal à se détacher de son histoire.

Pascale a souhaité nous parlé de « Whiplash » de Damien Chazelle.

Andrew, 19 ans, rêve de devenir un grand batteur de jazz. Il s’entraîne avec acharnement au sein du Conservatoire de Manhattan. Il a pour objectif d’intégrer le fleuron des orchestres dirigé par Terence Fletcher, professeur féroce et intraitable. Lorsque celui-ci le repère enfin, Andrew se lance, sous sa direction, dans la quête de l’excellence…

Whiplash  Bande-annonce VO

« Whiplash » est filmé dans une ambiance très jazz, avec une très belle qualité d’image. Le film nous fait aller de surprises en surprises. La relation ambivalente et malsaine entre le professeur et son élève rappelle d’autres films tels que « Black Swan » ou « Foxcatcher » et laisse souvent penser au spectateur que l’histoire va mal finir.

Pascale a évoqué l’autobiographie du joueur de tennis Andre Agassi, entrainé par un père tyrannique qui l’a poussé à donner le meilleur de lui-même.

Vient ensuite le tour de « Imitation Game » et de son casting 3 étoiles. Les amateurs de séries télé apprécieront de reconnaître les héros de « Sherlock », « Game of Thrones » et « Downton Abbey » dans les rôles de généraux britanniques ou de génies des mathématiques aux prises avec Enigma, la machine à chiffrer les communications de l’Armée Allemande, pendant la Seconde Guerre Mondiale.

Imitation Game – Bande-annonce VO

Le film relate l’exploit réalisé par Alan Turing qui réussit à construire une machine capable de déchiffrer les messages codés d’Enigma. Cette page méconnue de la Seconde Guerre Mondiale a pourtant permis de raccourcir de 2 ans l’issue du conflit et lève le voile sur la stratégie des troupes Alliés pour ne pas éveiller les soupçons de l’armée allemande.

Le film aborde enfin la vie privée de Turing, homosexuel persécuté dans une Angleterre encore très puritaine.

Après un bref aparté sur le cinéma de Xavier Dolan (« Mommy », « Tom à la ferme », « Laurence Anyways » etc…) Amaury nous fera partager sa découverte de « Night Call » de Dan Gilroy avec Jake Gyllenhaal dans le rôle-titre. Le film suit les aventure de Lou, un homme un paumé à la recherche d’un travail. Il gagnera sa vie en prenant des photos de scènes de crimes ou d’accidents qu’il revendra aux chaines de télévision locales. L’appât du gain conduira Lou à aller de plus en plus loin pour obtenir des images spectaculaires. Il se transforme rapidement en « charognard de l’information ».

Night Call – Bande-annonce VO

Le film baigne dans une atmosphère fiévreuse à l’esthétique très urbaine qui n’est pas sans rappeler « Crash » de David Kronenberg ou « Drive » de Nicolas Winding Refn.

Cette nouvelle session se terminera sur le film d’animation « La grande aventure Lego » du duo de réalisateurs Phil Lord et Christopher Miller.  Leur humour très référencé sur l’univers du cinéma est l’un des atouts majeur du film.

La Grande Aventure Lego – Bande-annonce VO

A très bientôt pour un nouveau moment de cinéma à la bibliothèque !

SSRN February updates

Capture d’écran 2014-11-14 à 11.22.57Here are some updated data on the HEC Paris collection on SSRN

– By the end of 2014, more than 500 papers were posted on the portal of HEC Paris on SSRN

– For the first time, in January 2015, the collection has exceeded the number of 8 papers uploaded in a month

– In 2014, HEC Paris researchers posted 88 papers on SSRN. The most represented disciplines are “Finance” and “Economics and Decision Sciences”.

– HEC Paris is ranked #8 among the 1 000 top international business schools thanks to the 35 770 downloads in 2014.

– Statistics indicate that, as of the end of 2014, HEC Paris faculty member Alberto Alemanno ranks 18th (out of 3,000 authors) on SSRN’s list of the 100 most-cited law professors.

The APA style: definition and common errors

APA StyleAPA style is a format for academic documents such as journal articles and books. It is codified in the style guide of the American Psychological Association (APA), titled the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association.

The style originated in 1929, when a group of psychologists, anthropologists, and business managers sought to establish a simple set of style rules that would codify the many components of scientific writing to increase the ease of reading comprehension in the social and behavioral sciences, for clarity of communication, and for “word choice that best reduces bias in language”. The guidelines for reducing bias in language have been updated over the years and presently provide practical guidance for writing about race, ethnicity, age, gender, sexual orientation, and disability status (APA, 2009, pp. 70–77; see also APA, 2009b).

APA style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences, but it is also widely used, either entirely or with modifications, by hundreds of other scientific journals (including medical and other public health journals), in many textbooks, and in academia (for papers written in classes). Along with AMA style and CSE style, it is one of the major style regimes for such work. It has become common even in disciplines outside psychology, such as nursing, education and anthropology.

APA Style consists of rules or guidelines that a publisher observes to ensure clear and consistent presentation of written material. It concerns uniform use of elements such as selection of headings, tone, and length, punctuation and abbreviations, presentation of numbers and statistics, construction of tables and figures, citation of references, as well as many other elements that are a part of a manuscript. One of the characteristics of APA style is the absence of colorful language, metaphors or other attention-grabbing elements. According to it, papers must present themselves in as neutral a language as possible. In addition, APA style uses a very specific framework of citation and reference page styles.

Following this well-developed system of writing conventions, however, is not always easy. The most common APA errors made by authors of papers concern formatting and citation of references. According to a research carried out by the Journal of European Psychology Students’ Bulletin, 86,3% of the student papers contained incorrectly formatted head, whereas 75% did not have page numbers or the page numbers weren’t properly formatted. Another tendency was a missing abstract (72,7%), as well as the lack of keywords (61,3%).

Surprisingly, in-text citation errors were found in 84% of the papers studied by the Journal of European Psychology Students’ Bulletin. The most common ones include incorrect use of ‘et al.’, spelling inconsistencies, incorrect use of ‘since’ instead of ‘because’, and incorrect hyphenation.

Free research on the Web: 27 million documents

OpenAccess

A 2013 European Commission report found that, among new papers being published, perhaps half are now free. Further, a 2014 study published in PLoS One, “The Number of Scholarly Documents on the Public Web,” has used computer science techniques to estimate the total amount of research knowledge available on the Web. 

Key findings:

As of 2013, when the scientists used algorithms to make their estimates, there were at least 114 million English-language studies available on the Web.

Of these 114 million, 27 million were open access — meaning that about one-quarter of online research knowledge in the English-speaking world is now free to the public on the Web.

There were significant differences in the availability of papers across disciplines. Some of the disciplines connected with the most profitable industries had the highest percentages of open papers: 50% for computer science; 42% for business and economics; 35% each for geosciences and physics.

It is also true that material and agricultural sciences and engineering all were estimated to have only 12% of their papers open to the public.

By contrast, only 19% of social science studies were found to be open access.

The authors note that academic research, open access or not, is not uniformly available on all search engines. For example, at the time of the study, Google Scholar indexed approximately 100 million of the 114 million studies available on the Web — 87%, therefore it would be useful for researchers to consider as a standard practice querying multiple databases and academic search engines.

Source: Massive and growing volume of free research on the Web: 27 million documents and counting / Journalist’s Resource (Harvard Kennedy School, Shorenstein Center)

How to write a conference abstract

ConferenceAbstractDr Helen Kara, Associate Research Fellow at the Third Sector Research Centre, University of Birmingham, recently wrote a post on the LSE Blog “Maximising the impact of academic research”. Below are a some insights:

Dr Helen Kara responds to the ‘essential ‘how-to’ guide to writing good abstracts’ previously published in The Impact blog. She elaborates specifically on the differences for conference abstracts and offers tips for writing an enticing abstract for conference organisers and an engaging conference presentation.

She starts by pointing out some fundamental differences between article and conference abstracts:

  • Article abstracts are presented to journal editors along with the article concerned, whereas conference abstracts are presented alone to conference organisers. This means that journal editors or peer reviewers can say e.g. ‘great article but the abstract needs work’, while a poor abstract submitted to a conference organiser is very unlikely to be accepted.
  • Articles are typically 4,000-8,000 words long. Given that conference presentation slots usually allow 20 minutes and presenters should speak at around 125 words per minute, a conference presentation should be around 2,500 words long.
  • Articles are written to be read from the page, while conference presentations are presented in person. You need to engage your audience, and conference organisers will like to know how you intend to hold their interest. Written grammar is different from spoken grammar, therefore the old-skool approach of reading your written presentation from the page must be avoided.

The competition for getting a conference abstract accepted is rarely as fierce as the competition for getting an article accepted. Some conferences don’t even receive as many abstracts as they have presentation slots. But even then, they’re more likely to re-arrange their programme than to accept a poor quality abstract. And you can’t take it for granted that your abstract won’t face much competition.

Here are four useful tips on how to write a killer conference abstract:

  • First, your conference abstract is a sales tool: you are selling your ideas, first to the conference organisers, and then to the conference delegates. You need to make your abstract as fascinating and enticing as possible. And that means making it different. So think through some key questions:

What kinds of presentations is this conference most likely to attract? How can you make yours different?

What are the fashionable areas in your field right now? Are you working in one of these areas? If so, how can you make your presentation different from others doing the same? If not, how can you make your presentation appealing?

There may be clues in the call for papers, so study this carefully.

Remember that conference organisers are trying to create as interesting and stimulating an event as they can, and variety and a good balance of presentations are crucial.

  • Second, write your abstract well. Unless your abstract is for a highly academic and theoretical conference, wear your learning lightly. Engaging concepts in plain English, with a sprinkling of references for context, is much more appealing to conference organisers than complicated sentences with lots of long words, definitions of terms, and several dozen references. Conference organisers are not looking for evidence that you can do really clever writing (save that for your article abstracts), they are looking for evidence that you can give an entertaining presentation.
  • Third, conference abstracts written in the future tense are off-putting for conference organisers, because they don’t make it clear that the potential presenter knows what they’ll be talking about. If your presentation will include information about work you’ll be doing in between the call for papers and the conference itself, then make that clear.
  • Fourth, of course you need to tell conference organisers about your research: its context, method, and findings. It will also help enormously if you can take a sentence or three to explain what you intend to include in the presentation itself. This will give conference organisers some confidence that you can actually put together and deliver an engaging presentation.

So, to summarise, to maximise your chances of success when submitting conference abstracts:

  • Make your abstract fascinating, enticing, and different.
  • Write your abstract well, using plain English wherever possible.
  • Don’t write in the future tense if you can help it – and, if you must, specify clearly what you will do and when.
  • Explain your research, and also give an explanation of what you intend to include in the presentation.

While that won’t guarantee success, it will massively increase your chances. Best of luck!

Helen Kara is the author of Research and Evaluation for Busy Practitioners (2012) and Creative Research Methods in the Social Sciences (April 2015), both published by Policy Press.