Human Rights and Procurement

Regarding the conference organized by the HEC Paris Social  Business / Enterprise and Poverty Chair and SnO Center (5pm, Monday 11 May 2015), we are happy to share with you the following readings.                

                                                                     

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We also suggest you visit the exhibition: “Derrière le code-barres” realized by Ressources Humaines Sans Frontières whitch is an NGO that promotes Human Rights at Work in the Supply Chain. (from 4th to 15th May).

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HRM and ethics

Your company may unwittingly be conducting business with human traffickers: How can you prevent this? / Smith Catherine Taken & Betts, Teresa. Business horizons, mars 2015, vol. 58, issue 2. (HEC Paris authentification needed) Article

A new concern is beginning to gain notoriety in society: human trafficking. This issue, which can result in slavery, should concern businesses. Almost 30 million slaves exist globally today. The fact that human trafficking is a $32 billion business indicates either indifference for human rights or an ignorance of the injustice occurring. Even though companies may be against the idea of human trafficking, they may not recognize that they could be contributing to this problem through their business operations and relationships. However, companies can exercise social responsibility by using their influence over suppliers and business partners to prohibit human trafficking. This article examines the extent to which companies are involved in combating human trafficking, and helps companies identify where they are at risk for involvement with human trafficking. Moreover, steps are suggested to prevent human trafficking from occurring within company operations and supply chains.

Towards an Ethical Research Agenda for International HRM: The Possibilities of a Plural Cosmopolitan Framework. / Janssens, Maddy & Steyaert, Chris. Journal of business ethics, novembre 2012, vol. 11 issue 1. (HEC Paris authentification needed) Article

In this conceptual paper, we aim to develop a much needed ethical research agenda for international Human Resource Management (HRM), given that the changing geopolitical dynamics interrogate the political role of multinational companies and the ethical stance they take in their HRM practices. To theoretically ground this agenda, we turn to cosmopolitanism and distinguish three main perspectives-political, cultural, and social-each of which implies a different understanding of the self-other relation in the context of the global world. We translate the core and ethical stance of each perspective to the field of international HRM, presenting three different foci of an ethical research agenda in terms of the ethical implications for multinational companies, research focus, methodological suggestions, and inherent limitations.

Working off the clock and its impact / Faraz, Muhammad ; Shamsi, Aamir & Rizwana, Bashir. Journal of business ethics, July 2014, vol. 122, issue 3. (HEC Paris authentification needed) Article

Textile is one of the largest export and source of foreign exchange in Pakistan. For the last two decades, Textile sector is serving as the backbone for Pakistan economy. Several foreign retailers including Target, Jessie Penny, Wal-Mart, and Kohl’s are outsourcing textile and garments from Pakistan. Along with the quality, these retailers are highly concerned with the ethical and social issues of their suppliers, including child labor, forced labor, compensation, working hours and environment health, and safety. My current study is an applied research, based on the problem, regarding the working hours and its proper management in textile factories, mismanagement of which lead to serious issues during social and ethical standard audits. Repetition of which may consequent in termination of business with suppliers and factories. The research hypothesis is that working off the clock will lead to overtime premium not paid and double book record keeping. As far as ethical and social compliance (SC) is concerned both overtime premiums not paid and double book records are critical issues during SC audit. A sample of 40 suppliers (factories SC audit reports) of Pakistan was randomly selected working with foreign buyers. Secondary data were used to verify the findings based on Audits finding conducted by different third party during a period of 2 years, i.e. Feb., 2010 to Jan., 2012. The results and research findings reflect that during the last 2 years (Nov., 2010 to Oct., 2012) out of 40 factories audit reports 25 factories (62.5 %) were found having working off the clock that also lead to overtime premium not paid. However, double book records were not witnessed in all 40 factories SC audit reports as parallel (falsified) records were not maintained by any factories. The above findings will help the suppliers, factories, and buyers to develop a proactive approach (on buyers end) and proper production planning (on suppliers and factories end) to avoid critical issues and smooth business activities.

Globalization of the Economy

For Bangladeshi Women, Work is Worth the risks / Srivastava, Mehul. Bloomberg Businessweek. 4/28/2014. Issue 4376. (HEC Paris authentification needed) Article

The article discusses economic opportunity afforded to poor, illiterate women in Bangladesh by the country’s garment industry. Although work conditions can be unpleasant and unsafe, garment-factory jobs provide these women with better-than-average pay for manual labor, and also make it easier for them to send their daughters to school. The circumstances of garment-industry worker Nazma Akhter, a survivor of a fire at the Tazreen Fashions clothing factory, and her daughter are described. 

ADAPTING to a workforce WITHOUT borders / Gartside, David ; Sloman, Colin. T+D, avril 2014, vol. 68 issue 4. (HEC Paris authentification needed) Article

The article focuses on the changes that have occurred in the talent landscape due to increasing globalization. It highlights the need for human resource department to reinvent itself to help their organization adapt to an increasingly diverse workforce. The importance of developing strong local leaders with a global mindset to achieve the benefits of global integration is emphasized. Tips in acquiring global talent are also presented, including forging relationships in micro-communities.

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Please, find also several books on this issue at the Library!

Use this link to display the bibliography of the 5 recommended books to borrow or read online via the Library Subscription.

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Start-up creation: best practices

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The HEC Paris Librarians have selected some valuable resources on the best practices regarding start-up creation.

                                                                                                                                                                                                       

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How to build a start-up

Devenir entrepreneur du changement / Ticket for change. – MOOC HEC

Ce cours est conçu pour accompagner toutes les personnes qui veulent avoir un impact positif dans la société, mais qui ne savent pas comment agir. Quel que soit votre âge ou votre formation académique, ce cours vous aidera à trouver la voie qui vous correspond pour faire bouger les lignes ! Vous apprendrez comment passer de l’envie à l’idée, et de l’idée à l’action.

Conseils pour la création d’entreprise / Incubateur HEC.Blog

Le blog de l’incubateur HEC propose des articles sur l’entrepreneuriat, classés par grands thèmes : Conseils pour créer son entreprise, L’incubateur d’HEC, Les entrepreneurs et HEC, Sensibilisation à l’entrepreneuriat …

Comment les entrepreneurs perçoivent l’efficacité des structures d’accompagnement ?/ Arlotto Jacques, Sahut Jean-Michel, Teulon Frédéric. Gestion 2000. nov/dec2012, Vol. 29 Issue 6, p31-43. 13p. (Hec Paris authentification needed) – Article

This article examines the performance of incubators from the entrepreneurs’ perspective which have been coached by this sort of structure. The results demonstrate the social utility of incubators in France. In fact, they encourage potential entrepreneurs to both venture creation and to contribute to the success of the incubated firms. Entrepreneurs’ expectations vis-à-vis incubators are clearly targeting functional services and infrastructure. The services provided by incubators and perceived by entrepreneurs depends considerably on its director’s work quality, who also acts as a coach manager in most incubators. This may account for much difference in perceived performance between incubators. Finally, the incubators’ services could be more sophisticated and focus largely on assistance to find investors.  

Cet article s’interroge sur la performance des structures d’accompagnement du point de vue des entrepreneurs hébergés. Les résultats montrent l’utilité sociale des incubateurs en France. En effet, ils incitent à la fois les entrepreneurs potentiels à passer à l’acte de création, mais concourent également aux succès des firmes incubées. Les attentes des entrepreneurs vis-à-vis des incubateurs sont clairement ciblées au niveau des services fonctionnels et des infrastructures. La qualité des services fournis par les incubateurs et perçue par les entrepreneurs est largement dépendante de la qualité du travail de son directeur qui joue également le rôle de chargé d’affaires dans la plupart des incubateurs. Cela peut expliquer des écarts importants de performance perçue entre les incubateurs. Enfin, les services des incubateurs pourraient être plus développés et davantage axés sur l’aide à la recherche d’investisseurs. ——————————————————————————————————–

Creation and evolution of a start-up business plan

The startup revolution is about to surge again/ Butler David, Tischler Linda. Fast Company. Feb2015, Issue 192, p44-48. 3p. (Hec Paris authentification needed) – Article

The article is taken from a forthcoming book by David Butler and Linda Tischler in which the author discusses the similarity between entrepreneurs and surfers and says that entrepreneurs need to look forward to the next wave of opportunity to grow. The article discusses the dot-com boom of the late 1990s and early 2000s and its subsequent meltdown which brought startup companies into focus. According to the article, the first wave of growth was moving from dot-com companies to startups which made entrepreneurs like Mark Zuckerberg successful. The second wave was about building an ecosystem of global startups and the need for starting and scaling the business. The article also refers to the next wave which would involve building scale-ups between big companies and startups.

Why the Lean StartUp Changes Everything / Steve Blank. Harvard Business Review. May2013, Vol. 91 Issue 5. (Hec Paris authentification needed) – Article

In the past few years, a new methodology for launching companies, called “the lean start-up,” has begun to replace the old regimen. Traditionally, a venture’s founders would write a business plan, complete with a five-year forecast, use it to raise money, and then go into “stealth mode” to develop their offerings, all without getting much feedback from the people they intended to sell to. Lean start-ups, in contrast, begin by searching for a business model. They test, revise, and discard hypotheses, continually gathering customer feedback and rapidly iterating on and reengineering their products. This strategy greatly reduces the chances that start-ups will spend a lot of time and money launching products that no one actually will pay for…

La performance économique et sociale des start-ups numériques en France. Baromètre 2014 / Ernst & Young – Report

Ce 3ème baromètre annuel, réalisé en partenariat avec France Digitale analyse la performance économique et sociale des start-up numériques en France financées par le capital-risque dans le domaine du digital. Dans le cadre de ce baromètre, EY a interrogé 116 start-up sur leurs données portant sur la période 2012 – 2013. ——————————————————————————————————–

What are the mistakes to avoid?

That’s gotta hurt/Parch Lorie A. Entrepreneur. Apr2014, Vol. 42 Issue 4, p84-91. 6p. (Hec Paris authentification needed) – Article

The article offers information on how business owners can avoid the six most common spending mistakes when launching a startup. Topics include the problems caused by hiring the wrong employees, how poor pricing models impact profitability, and the importance of having the correct technology needed to run a business. The author also recommends hiring a business attorney. ——————————————————————————————————–

How start-up funding works?

Startup Funding Will Go On, Even After the Music Stops / Dan Primack. Fortune. 5/19/2014, Vol. 169 Issue 7. (Hec Paris authentification needed) – Article

The author offers opinions on venture capital and new business enterprise finance. Noting that there was a higher total of venture capital invested in new business enterprises in the first quarter of 2014 than since the collapse of the dotcom stock market bubble in 2001, the author states that although stock prices will inevitably decline, new business enterprises will still be able to obtain financing from venture capital funds.

Forum Netexplo 2015  / en vidéos – Vidéos

Netexplo est l’observatoire Mondial et Indépendant de l’Innovation Numérique. Le forum Nextexplo a pour but de récompenser les initiatives les plus prometteuses de l’année : présentation des 10 lauréats.

L’entrepreneuriat pour changer le monde/ Interview de Vincent Ricordeau sur le crowdfunding. Vidéo

Sur la plateforme Paris CCI-Paris Ile-de-France, Vincent Ricordeau, co-fondateur de Kiss Kiss Bank Bank  présente les différents modes de crowdfunding.

MoneyTree Report /PWC and the National Venture Capital Association – Website

The MoneyTree Report is the definitive source of information on emerging companies that receive financing and the venture capital firms that provide. ——————————————————————————————————–

Before building your start-up read the best books on this issue at the Library! For students and staff: Use this link to display the bibliography of the 5 recommended books to borrow or read online via the Library subscriptions.

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