LES FAKE NEWS

How_to_Spot_Fake_News

Aujourd’hui, la bibliothèque d’HEC Paris vous offre des pistes pour repérer les fameuses Fake news.

Voici une infographie réalisée par l’International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA)

Toute l’équipe de la Bibliothèque HEC Paris vous souhaite de bonnes et longues vacances !

P.S. : Vous avez tout l’été pour vous entraîner 🙂

 

 

  • D’abord, qu’est-ce que exactement qu’une Fake news ?

 

wikipedia-logo_1Wikipédia les définit de cette façon :

Ce sont des informations délibérément fausses ou truquées émanant en général d’un ou de plusieurs médias. Elles participent à des tentatives de désinformation, que ce soit via les médias traditionnels ou via les médias sociaux, avec l’intention d’induire en erreur dans le but d’obtenir un avantage financier ou politique. Les articles de fake news emploient souvent des titres accrocheurs ou des informations entièrement fabriquées en vue d’augmenter le nombre de lecteurs et de partages en ligne. Les fils d’actualité de Facebook ont été impliqués dans la propagation de fausses nouvelles. Le fait que les rédacteurs soient anonymes rend difficile la poursuite des sources pour calomnie.

 

Le_Figaro_logo.svgJe vous propose un article de Roland Gauron paru sur le site Le Figaro.fr de mars 2017 :

«Fake news», un même terme pour plusieurs réalités

Employée à cor et à cri, l’expression désignant les fausses informations circulant sur Internet s’est finalement vidée de sa substance. Le Figaro fait le point sur ce terme apparu dans le sillage de la présidentielle américaine.

 

The-Guardian-logo1The Guardian proposait également un excellent article rédigé par Elle Hunt en décembre 2016 :

What is fake news? How to spot it and what you can do to stop it

‘Fake news’ has rapidly become a catch-all term to discredit all kinds of stories. We need to be smarter at recognising and combating outright fabrication

 

  • Voici comment se prémunir de ces fausses informations :

A Field Guide to Fake News: a collection of recipes for those who love to cook with digital methods

Retrouvez ici les trois premiers chapitres du guide publié en avril 2017. Compiled by Liliana Bounegru, Jonathan Gray, Tommaso Venturini and Michele Mauri.
This guide explores the use of digital methods to trace the production, circulation and reception of fake news online. It is a project of the Public Data Lab with support from First Draft.
The Public Data Lab is an interdisciplinary network seeking to facilitate research, democratic engagement and public debate around the future of the data society.
First Draft is dedicated to improving skills and standards in the reporting and sharing of information that emerges online.

 

How to Spot Fake NewsTransparentWebLogo

Article de Eugene Kiely et Lori Robertson sur FactCheck.org du 18 novembre 2016.

 

Fake News : fausses infos et vrais bénéfices

Un reportage de 20 minutes de l’émission Complément d’enquête sur le sujet publié en mars 2017.

Emmanuel Macron en couple avec Mathieu Gallet, Barack Obama musulman… Jamais vérifiées, souvent “gobées”, les “fake news”, ou fausses informations, font des ravages des deux côtés de l’Atlantique. Comment se répandent-elles ? Par qui sont-elles fabriquées ? “Complément d’enquête” sur une hégémonie virale.

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Rencontre avec Alexandre Andorra ou “Géopolitique des Etats-Unis” à l’aube de l’investiture de Donald Trump

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La bibliothèque a eu le plaisir de recevoir Alexandre Andorra (H.15) mardi 17 janvier.
Quelques jours avant l’investiture de Donald Trump, l’auteur nous a présenté son livre “Géopolitique des EtatsUnis d’Amérique” paru aux éditions PUF en 2016.
Le livre est désormais disponible à la bibliothèque, à la côte : 2-103 SNE
– Biographie de l’auteur :
– Son blog :
– Une interview sur France Culture :
– Une interview pour le Diploweb :

– Un article pour l’IRIS, sur l’évolution diffamatoire et populiste du Parti Républicain américain :

Human Rights and Procurement

Regarding the conference organized by the HEC Paris Social  Business / Enterprise and Poverty Chair and SnO Center (5pm, Monday 11 May 2015), we are happy to share with you the following readings.                

                                                                     

Exposition-Derriere-le-code-barres_library_news_detail

We also suggest you visit the exhibition: “Derrière le code-barres” realized by Ressources Humaines Sans Frontières whitch is an NGO that promotes Human Rights at Work in the Supply Chain. (from 4th to 15th May).

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HRM and ethics

Your company may unwittingly be conducting business with human traffickers: How can you prevent this? / Smith Catherine Taken & Betts, Teresa. Business horizons, mars 2015, vol. 58, issue 2. (HEC Paris authentification needed) Article

A new concern is beginning to gain notoriety in society: human trafficking. This issue, which can result in slavery, should concern businesses. Almost 30 million slaves exist globally today. The fact that human trafficking is a $32 billion business indicates either indifference for human rights or an ignorance of the injustice occurring. Even though companies may be against the idea of human trafficking, they may not recognize that they could be contributing to this problem through their business operations and relationships. However, companies can exercise social responsibility by using their influence over suppliers and business partners to prohibit human trafficking. This article examines the extent to which companies are involved in combating human trafficking, and helps companies identify where they are at risk for involvement with human trafficking. Moreover, steps are suggested to prevent human trafficking from occurring within company operations and supply chains.

Towards an Ethical Research Agenda for International HRM: The Possibilities of a Plural Cosmopolitan Framework. / Janssens, Maddy & Steyaert, Chris. Journal of business ethics, novembre 2012, vol. 11 issue 1. (HEC Paris authentification needed) Article

In this conceptual paper, we aim to develop a much needed ethical research agenda for international Human Resource Management (HRM), given that the changing geopolitical dynamics interrogate the political role of multinational companies and the ethical stance they take in their HRM practices. To theoretically ground this agenda, we turn to cosmopolitanism and distinguish three main perspectives-political, cultural, and social-each of which implies a different understanding of the self-other relation in the context of the global world. We translate the core and ethical stance of each perspective to the field of international HRM, presenting three different foci of an ethical research agenda in terms of the ethical implications for multinational companies, research focus, methodological suggestions, and inherent limitations.

Working off the clock and its impact / Faraz, Muhammad ; Shamsi, Aamir & Rizwana, Bashir. Journal of business ethics, July 2014, vol. 122, issue 3. (HEC Paris authentification needed) Article

Textile is one of the largest export and source of foreign exchange in Pakistan. For the last two decades, Textile sector is serving as the backbone for Pakistan economy. Several foreign retailers including Target, Jessie Penny, Wal-Mart, and Kohl’s are outsourcing textile and garments from Pakistan. Along with the quality, these retailers are highly concerned with the ethical and social issues of their suppliers, including child labor, forced labor, compensation, working hours and environment health, and safety. My current study is an applied research, based on the problem, regarding the working hours and its proper management in textile factories, mismanagement of which lead to serious issues during social and ethical standard audits. Repetition of which may consequent in termination of business with suppliers and factories. The research hypothesis is that working off the clock will lead to overtime premium not paid and double book record keeping. As far as ethical and social compliance (SC) is concerned both overtime premiums not paid and double book records are critical issues during SC audit. A sample of 40 suppliers (factories SC audit reports) of Pakistan was randomly selected working with foreign buyers. Secondary data were used to verify the findings based on Audits finding conducted by different third party during a period of 2 years, i.e. Feb., 2010 to Jan., 2012. The results and research findings reflect that during the last 2 years (Nov., 2010 to Oct., 2012) out of 40 factories audit reports 25 factories (62.5 %) were found having working off the clock that also lead to overtime premium not paid. However, double book records were not witnessed in all 40 factories SC audit reports as parallel (falsified) records were not maintained by any factories. The above findings will help the suppliers, factories, and buyers to develop a proactive approach (on buyers end) and proper production planning (on suppliers and factories end) to avoid critical issues and smooth business activities.

Globalization of the Economy

For Bangladeshi Women, Work is Worth the risks / Srivastava, Mehul. Bloomberg Businessweek. 4/28/2014. Issue 4376. (HEC Paris authentification needed) Article

The article discusses economic opportunity afforded to poor, illiterate women in Bangladesh by the country’s garment industry. Although work conditions can be unpleasant and unsafe, garment-factory jobs provide these women with better-than-average pay for manual labor, and also make it easier for them to send their daughters to school. The circumstances of garment-industry worker Nazma Akhter, a survivor of a fire at the Tazreen Fashions clothing factory, and her daughter are described. 

ADAPTING to a workforce WITHOUT borders / Gartside, David ; Sloman, Colin. T+D, avril 2014, vol. 68 issue 4. (HEC Paris authentification needed) Article

The article focuses on the changes that have occurred in the talent landscape due to increasing globalization. It highlights the need for human resource department to reinvent itself to help their organization adapt to an increasingly diverse workforce. The importance of developing strong local leaders with a global mindset to achieve the benefits of global integration is emphasized. Tips in acquiring global talent are also presented, including forging relationships in micro-communities.

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Please, find also several books on this issue at the Library!

Use this link to display the bibliography of the 5 recommended books to borrow or read online via the Library Subscription.

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Ratan N. Tata : 10 Interesting Facts

On the occasion of Ratan N. TATA venue at HEC Paris on April 23rd,

This is some fun and interesting facts about the chairman Emeritus of Tata Sons.

1. Ratan N. Tata was born in 1937 in Surat, in British India

2. He committed himself to a career as an architect

3. Began ratan_tata1working in the family company in 1962, after graduating from Cornell University with a degree in architecture and structural engineering

4. Started as a laborer on the shop floor of Tata Steel

5. Graduated from the advanced management programme at Harvard Business School in 1975

6. In 1991 he succeeded to his uncle and became the group’s fifth chairman

7. Tata Sons Ltd owns 91 companies in 7 sectors: consumer goods, services, chemicals, energy, materials, engineering and metallurgy, NTIC.

8. Launched in 2008 the cheapest car in the world, “the Nano” sold at less than $2000

9. Under his stewardship, Tata Group acquired Tetley, Jaguar, Land Rover and Corus

10. Was named as Forbes’ “Asian Businessman of the Year” in 2005.

ratan_tata3You might also be interested in “Tata: The Evolution of a Corporate Brand” / Morgen Witzel. Penguin Books, 2010. Library code : 6-2414 WIT Book review here

“I have been constantly telling people to encourage people, to question the unquestioned and not to be ashamed to bring up new ideas, new processes to get things done.”

See also : Tata Time Line

Start-up creation: best practices

start-up

The HEC Paris Librarians have selected some valuable resources on the best practices regarding start-up creation.

                                                                                                                                                                                                       

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How to build a start-up

Devenir entrepreneur du changement / Ticket for change. – MOOC HEC

Ce cours est conçu pour accompagner toutes les personnes qui veulent avoir un impact positif dans la société, mais qui ne savent pas comment agir. Quel que soit votre âge ou votre formation académique, ce cours vous aidera à trouver la voie qui vous correspond pour faire bouger les lignes ! Vous apprendrez comment passer de l’envie à l’idée, et de l’idée à l’action.

Conseils pour la création d’entreprise / Incubateur HEC.Blog

Le blog de l’incubateur HEC propose des articles sur l’entrepreneuriat, classés par grands thèmes : Conseils pour créer son entreprise, L’incubateur d’HEC, Les entrepreneurs et HEC, Sensibilisation à l’entrepreneuriat …

Comment les entrepreneurs perçoivent l’efficacité des structures d’accompagnement ?/ Arlotto Jacques, Sahut Jean-Michel, Teulon Frédéric. Gestion 2000. nov/dec2012, Vol. 29 Issue 6, p31-43. 13p. (Hec Paris authentification needed) – Article

This article examines the performance of incubators from the entrepreneurs’ perspective which have been coached by this sort of structure. The results demonstrate the social utility of incubators in France. In fact, they encourage potential entrepreneurs to both venture creation and to contribute to the success of the incubated firms. Entrepreneurs’ expectations vis-à-vis incubators are clearly targeting functional services and infrastructure. The services provided by incubators and perceived by entrepreneurs depends considerably on its director’s work quality, who also acts as a coach manager in most incubators. This may account for much difference in perceived performance between incubators. Finally, the incubators’ services could be more sophisticated and focus largely on assistance to find investors.  

Cet article s’interroge sur la performance des structures d’accompagnement du point de vue des entrepreneurs hébergés. Les résultats montrent l’utilité sociale des incubateurs en France. En effet, ils incitent à la fois les entrepreneurs potentiels à passer à l’acte de création, mais concourent également aux succès des firmes incubées. Les attentes des entrepreneurs vis-à-vis des incubateurs sont clairement ciblées au niveau des services fonctionnels et des infrastructures. La qualité des services fournis par les incubateurs et perçue par les entrepreneurs est largement dépendante de la qualité du travail de son directeur qui joue également le rôle de chargé d’affaires dans la plupart des incubateurs. Cela peut expliquer des écarts importants de performance perçue entre les incubateurs. Enfin, les services des incubateurs pourraient être plus développés et davantage axés sur l’aide à la recherche d’investisseurs. ——————————————————————————————————–

Creation and evolution of a start-up business plan

The startup revolution is about to surge again/ Butler David, Tischler Linda. Fast Company. Feb2015, Issue 192, p44-48. 3p. (Hec Paris authentification needed) – Article

The article is taken from a forthcoming book by David Butler and Linda Tischler in which the author discusses the similarity between entrepreneurs and surfers and says that entrepreneurs need to look forward to the next wave of opportunity to grow. The article discusses the dot-com boom of the late 1990s and early 2000s and its subsequent meltdown which brought startup companies into focus. According to the article, the first wave of growth was moving from dot-com companies to startups which made entrepreneurs like Mark Zuckerberg successful. The second wave was about building an ecosystem of global startups and the need for starting and scaling the business. The article also refers to the next wave which would involve building scale-ups between big companies and startups.

Why the Lean StartUp Changes Everything / Steve Blank. Harvard Business Review. May2013, Vol. 91 Issue 5. (Hec Paris authentification needed) – Article

In the past few years, a new methodology for launching companies, called “the lean start-up,” has begun to replace the old regimen. Traditionally, a venture’s founders would write a business plan, complete with a five-year forecast, use it to raise money, and then go into “stealth mode” to develop their offerings, all without getting much feedback from the people they intended to sell to. Lean start-ups, in contrast, begin by searching for a business model. They test, revise, and discard hypotheses, continually gathering customer feedback and rapidly iterating on and reengineering their products. This strategy greatly reduces the chances that start-ups will spend a lot of time and money launching products that no one actually will pay for…

La performance économique et sociale des start-ups numériques en France. Baromètre 2014 / Ernst & Young – Report

Ce 3ème baromètre annuel, réalisé en partenariat avec France Digitale analyse la performance économique et sociale des start-up numériques en France financées par le capital-risque dans le domaine du digital. Dans le cadre de ce baromètre, EY a interrogé 116 start-up sur leurs données portant sur la période 2012 – 2013. ——————————————————————————————————–

What are the mistakes to avoid?

That’s gotta hurt/Parch Lorie A. Entrepreneur. Apr2014, Vol. 42 Issue 4, p84-91. 6p. (Hec Paris authentification needed) – Article

The article offers information on how business owners can avoid the six most common spending mistakes when launching a startup. Topics include the problems caused by hiring the wrong employees, how poor pricing models impact profitability, and the importance of having the correct technology needed to run a business. The author also recommends hiring a business attorney. ——————————————————————————————————–

How start-up funding works?

Startup Funding Will Go On, Even After the Music Stops / Dan Primack. Fortune. 5/19/2014, Vol. 169 Issue 7. (Hec Paris authentification needed) – Article

The author offers opinions on venture capital and new business enterprise finance. Noting that there was a higher total of venture capital invested in new business enterprises in the first quarter of 2014 than since the collapse of the dotcom stock market bubble in 2001, the author states that although stock prices will inevitably decline, new business enterprises will still be able to obtain financing from venture capital funds.

Forum Netexplo 2015  / en vidéos – Vidéos

Netexplo est l’observatoire Mondial et Indépendant de l’Innovation Numérique. Le forum Nextexplo a pour but de récompenser les initiatives les plus prometteuses de l’année : présentation des 10 lauréats.

L’entrepreneuriat pour changer le monde/ Interview de Vincent Ricordeau sur le crowdfunding. Vidéo

Sur la plateforme Paris CCI-Paris Ile-de-France, Vincent Ricordeau, co-fondateur de Kiss Kiss Bank Bank  présente les différents modes de crowdfunding.

MoneyTree Report /PWC and the National Venture Capital Association – Website

The MoneyTree Report is the definitive source of information on emerging companies that receive financing and the venture capital firms that provide. ——————————————————————————————————–

Before building your start-up read the best books on this issue at the Library! For students and staff: Use this link to display the bibliography of the 5 recommended books to borrow or read online via the Library subscriptions.

urgent businessmodelslaudon_.inddthestartstartup

The agile organization: recommended resources

AgileAn Agile Organization can respond very quickly to changes in its marketplace and environment.

Below are some valuable resources on this new topic selected by the HEC Paris librarians. Hope you find it useful!

 

 

Adding agile capabilities to organizations

The 90% success recipe: Commercial transformations that beat the odds and the market / Homayoun Hatami, Candace Lun Plotkin, Kevin McLellan, Patrick Schulze. McKinsey report, september 2014 – Report
“What that means in practice is having an agile organization that is constantly innovating, constantly spotting and reacting to new opportunities, and constantly evolving with the customer. Erwin van Laethem, CEO for Dutch energy company Essent, puts it succinctly: “Every success we’ve had in the market has been copied by our competitors,” he says. “What you can’t copy is how people work together in an organization.” ”

Case Study of an Agile Transformation in a Large Organization / Justin Marks. TechEd Europe 2014 – Video
“Microsoft’s Developer Division, (…), has been on a multi-year journey to transform itself from a waterfallian box product into an agile online service and regular client updates. In this session, we review the process and practices used by this division to deliver faster, react to feedback, plan and learn, stay connected to customers, continually improve quality, and measure success. We discuss the organizational issues experienced during the transformation and give examples of key practices and metrics used to improve the organization sprint over sprint. Hear about lessons learned in moving from a traditional software delivery team to a modern DevOps team.”

Lean and agile: an epistemological reflection / Marie-Joëlle Browaeys and Sandra Fisser. The Learning Organization, 2012 19:3 , 207-218. (HEC Paris authentification needed) – Article
The novelty of this paper is the presentation of an alternative approach to the concepts of lean and agile, using an epistemological point‐of‐view. The paper deepens the understanding of the lean and agile concepts by applying the complexity paradigm as proposed by Edgar Morin. Furthermore, it proposes self‐organizing teams for possible unification of both concepts.

Why business simulations work and how they are building more agile organizations / Dan Parisi. People & Strategy. June, 2011, Vol. 34 Issue 2, p4, 2 p. – Article
How Peak Performers Develop Hindsight in Advance Before taking action, real-world peak performers like pilots, military personnel and disaster response teams use simulations to develop the skills to respond to high-impact challenges.

Need for Speed: Ramping up the Velocity of Big Data / William Weaver. Scientific Computing, 03/03/2014 – Article
Big Data tools such as Grok and IBM Watson are enabling large organizations to behave more like agile startups.

 

Managing the agile workforce

Building the Agile Workforce / Harvard Business Review – Podcast (16mn07)-
Interview of Jeffrey Joerres, CEO of ManpowerGroup, on finding the talent you need in an unpredictable world.
“In today’s world in order to create this agile workforce, you really have to work on two things. One is the actual structure of how work gets done, and the other, of course, is the behavior of people, because in an agile workforce, you have less rules so you have to really be working much more with a positive intent, if you will, particularly if you’re in a large organization.”

Winning Practices of Adaptive Leadership Teams / Roselinde Torres and Nneka Rimmer. BCG report, April 3, 2012.- Report
“Top teams must be more than just high performing. They also need to adapt and thrive, regardless of the turbulence they face.” BCG expores “how adaptive teams remain nimble in the face of rapid change. This Focus report explores our findings in more detail and digs deeper into the practices and philosophies behind the five traits to learn what differentiates the adaptive leadership teams that win consistently in the marketplace from their average-performing counterparts.”

Taking The Leap To Agile Manufacturing: From Intention To A. Successful Paradigm Shift / A. Canda and L. Gogan. Managerial Challenges of the Contemporary Society. 2012, Issue 3, p77-80. 4p. (HEC Paris authentification needed) – Article
The paper presents the agile principles with the needs origin analysis for the definition and design of a new business management paradigm (that is associated to a proposed business model) combining two dimensions: (1) organizational behaviour related to competitiveness and (2) the internal environment characteristics focused on human resources management and change management. In addition, there are presented the implementation phases of the proposed business model (as strategic options at the organizational level) and challenges for the organization`s project team, by underlining the leadership aspects as key issues in a successful implementation of agile principles.

Integrating formal and informal learning in an agile organisation / Paul Rasmussen. Training & Development, Jun2012, Vol. 39 Issue 3, p6-8. 3p. (HEC Paris authentification needed) – Article
Delivering integrated workforce training, which is able to quickly meet organizational requirements with minimal interruption to the workplace, is a challenge faced by most organisations – in particular those organisations with highly geographically and culturally diverse workforces.

 

Be agile and read the best books on this issue at the library!

For students and staff: Use this link to display the bibliography of the 8 recommended books to borrow or read online via the Library subscriptions.

Operations ruleManager agile JugaadBooster  L'entreprise mobile

Digitization of the economy: Library recommended resources

Digitization

The digitization of the economy has introduced new business and marketing models.

Below are some valuable resources on this new topic selected by the HEC Paris librarians. Hope you find it useful!

 

 

How do big consulting firms address the digitization of the economy?

How to Choose the Right Digital Marketing Model / Strategy& (formerly Booz & Company) – article
“Strategy& has identified four equally successful digital marketing models: Digital Branders, Customer Experience Designers, Demand Generators, and Product Innovators. A company’s focus for marketing investment might have elements of each, but odds are that one of these models represents the right marketing organization for your company.”

Winning in the digital age / pwc – video
“The video shows the importance of embedding digital across your business. Those who adapt their business model around the customer will reap the rewards. Businesses need to become more innovative and agile to be able to adapt to customer demands and market changes. This will enable them to increase customer engagement, empower employees and become more profitable. Ultimately, you don’t need a digital strategy, you need a business strategy for the digital age.

Strategic principles for competing in the digital age / McKinsey Company – article
“Digitization is rewriting the rules of competition, with incumbent companies most at risk of being left behind. Here are six critical decisions CEOs must make to address the strategic challenge posed by the digital revolution.”

Accenture Technology Vision 2014 Report / Accenture – report
“This year, we see a marked uptick in digital. The Accenture Technology Vision 2014 lays out bold trends that are becoming characteristic of larger enterprises, which have been perceived by some as lagging in converting to digital businesses. While social, mobile, analytics, and cloud still drive these trends, the focus now is on new ways that these technologies are being woven into the next generation of business strategies across every industry.”

The Most Innovative Companies 2014: Breaking Through Is Hard to Do / BCG – report
“While innovation continues to be a top-three priority for three-quarters of the companies in BCG’s 2014 global innovation survey, fewer executives are confident in their organizations’ innovation skills. Innovation is hard. Breakthrough innovation is harder. What sets breakthrough innovators apart? And who are the most innovative companies of 2014? The following articles tell the story.”

Four steps to a data business / Deloitte – report
“Whatever business or industry you think you are in, you are increasingly in the data business. We’re entering the data economy, where firms make money from offering data- and analytics-based products and services to their customers.”


What business models for the digital company / Cigref – video and report
“The framework to define business models needs a brand new design within the digital space, because the impact of cloud computing, smartphones, the Internet of Things and other digital tools is changing the rules. ”

 

What about the business technology (BT) capabilities ?

ForresterFor students and staff: see the Forrester research & data ressource.

Among the available reports :

Next-Generation Services Offer A New Path To Digital Transformation
Digital Transformation Needs Analytics-Empowered, Business-Driven Service Providers

Architect For Extreme Uncertainty
Enterprise architecture is now at a critical tipping point. New digital business models and an unrelenting focus on customer engagement are unlocking new exciting initiatives and projects for architects.

Increase Flexibility By Embracing Future Business And Technology Trends
This report outlines Forrester’s vision for the future of business applications. It summarizes the key business drivers and trends that are reshaping the value proposition of business applications.

 

Business is digital. Read the best books on this issue at the Library!

For students and staff: Use this link to display the bibliography of the 15 recommended books to borrow or read online via the Library subscriptions.

digital_marketing_Chaffey Crowdfunding SPIRERBig data MAYER Routledge grown up Petite poucette SERRES