Papers of the month: The sharing economy debate

sharingeconomyThe debate on the sharing economy can be greatly enriched by the academic literature. That is what the site “Journalist’s resource” suggests with a comprehensive and relevant bibliography on this subject, coming from research papers that analyze and make the prospective on the sharing economy.

“Journalist’s resource” is based at Harvard’s Shorenstein Center on Media, Politics and Public Policy, and examines news topics through a research lens. It shwos that “it is worth digging into the available literature and knowing the centers of research debate and lines of argument.”

Read the article “Uber, Airbnb and consequences of the sharing economy: Research roundup” and search through the 17 items categorized into sub-themes: “What is the sharing economy and who participates?”, “Shared accomodation”, “Shared transports” and “Online ratings and reputation”.

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Survey: 101 Innovations in Scholarly Communication

101innovationsLead by Jeroen Bosman and Bianca Kramer from Utrecht University Library in the Netherlands, this survey of scholarly communication tool usage addresses the questions of what drives innovation and how these innovations change research workflows and may contribute to more open and efficient science.

The project is part of an ongoing effort to chart the changing landscape of scholarly communication, driven by technology, policies, and culture. It is to a large extent expressed through changing tool usage and the development of new tools by researchers, start-ups or big players. However, tool usage varies by field, country and position.

This survey aims to find out what tools the researchers are using in practice. It will run until February 10, 2016, but updates and insights will be published regularly on this blog.

We encourage you to participate in this survey in order to help increase the understanding of research workflows and eventually help improve efficiency of scholarly communication.

Your Story Matters

YourStoryMattersDASH (Digital Access to Scholarship at Harvard) is a central, open-access repository of research by members of the Harvard community. It is the University’s central service for sharing and preserving work. DASH is operated as an effort to provide access to Harvard’s scholarship, as well as enhance the discoverability and the impact of the authors’ works.

DASH is now launching Your Story Matters, a collection of hundreds of short testimonials of how free access to Harvard researchers’ publications has helped people from all over the world, from  high-school teachers to TV producers and parents of autistic children, do their jobs more efficiently.

Useful Chrome extensions to help manage references

CitationsA very interesting post found “The Impact Blog” of LSE suggests 10 useful 10 Chrome extensions to help manage references, notes, citations and capture information. Here is a summary:

Readability
Readability turns complicated web pages into simple, clean PDF type documents, and allows you to read the article free of distraction or save it later to read offline.

Evernote
Evernote cleans up web pages for later viewing, captures the web page in full with its Web Clipper tool, and allows you to take screenshots, save articles and bookmark pages to your Evernote scrapbook.

bit.ly
The Bit.ly button turns the long URL into something much more digestible, as well as make it useful for anyone Tweeting the link and wanting to save on character space.

Nimbus Screenshot
This tool allows capture and crop all directly from the browser. Cropped content can be edited and annotated before being saved locally to your computer.

Lazy Scholar
Lazy Scholar gives users a snapshot of metrics relating to a piece of research, such as Scholar Cites, Web of Science score, as well as contact email and comments.

Google Scholar Button
This works with Google Scholar and turns search results into easy copy and paste references using the main styles of APA, MLA and Chicago.

SilverBird
An extension for Twitter that allows you to follow your timelines, compose Tweets, share, delete and favourite them. It creates short URLs within the extension and acts as a notifier for new Tweets.

PaperPile
PaperPile is a reference management tool for researchers and students who rely on Google Apps to carry out their research. It isn’t free but comes with a 30 day free trial.

Cite This For Me
It can create references in APA, Chicago, Harvard and MLA formats and provides a pop-up box containing the appropriately formatted reference for  books, newspapers, journals and more.

Extension Manager
It becomes increasingly important to have an extension to manage your extensions in order to improve your computing experience.

Read more on LSE Impact Blog

Issues on SSRN submission process

SSRN_didyouknowInteresting post on SSRN blog dealing with issues such as:

– coauthors who may submit the same papers,

– coauthors who want to share the same version of a paper,

– new version of a paper with a slightly different title…

SSRN receives close to 70,000 new submissions and over 40,000 revisions each year. Authors use SSRN to share their research and often submit different versions of the same paper along its evolutionary path because they may provide different value to different readers.

See more here

How does academic research really benefit business?

AcademicResearchCompanies’ ability to innovate often depends on acquiring knowledge from external sources and integrating it with their internal research and development. Interactions with universities allow companies to embed scientific knowledge in their internal innovation processes.

On the Edward Elgar blog, Dr Federica Rossi and Professor Aldo Geuna explore the most effective ways that research can help business. They also shed light on some key issues, which challenge commonly held ideas about how knowledge transfer occurs.

The social sciences have a key role in regional knowledge transfer

A lot of interactions between companies and universities focus on providing solutions to legal, logistic, marketing, management and organizational problems. This concerns mainly companies and universities based in the same region, because business problem-solving (for example, problems that have to do with human resource management, marketing, legal compliance, and so on) builds upon detailed knowledge of the socioeconomic and legal-institutional context in which the firm operates.

Interactions between more distant universities, however, are more likely to concern technological issues. Companies that collaborate with distant universities are often larger and tend to invest more, since technology-focused projects are usually more expensive than those focused on the solution of business problems.

Theoretical academic knowledge is particularly valuable to business

According to a survey of company inventors, collaborations that involve direct interactions between industry researchers and academics lead to more valuable inventions, as well as interactions where universities transfer theoretical knowledge and scientific principles. The latter is an unexpected result, since the theoretical knowledge developed by academics is believed to be far from having an impact on industrial innovation processes.

What does this mean for universities?

  1. Universities should focus on enabling academics to interact with industry instead of insisting on regulating all interactions between academics and companies.
  1. Universities should exploit their business problem-solving competences to support the needs of local businesses and to strengthen intra-regional collaborations.
  1. Universities should continue to put their resources into producing the high level knowledge that very few other organizations in the economy are capable of generating. Their key source of competitive advantage resides in the development of advanced, cutting edge theories and methods.

 Read more here

Download the SSRN app on your iPad

SSRN

SSRN, the online repository for academic research articles,
also has its application, called iSSRN.

To download it, simply go to the app store, search SSRN, and touch the icon to begin the free download

ssrn2

Once downloaded, the app functions in a similar fashion to the SSRN site

You can conduct a search using the search bar, and your results will appear according to number of downloads.

Simply touch “view PDF” to see the article in full, or on one of the authors names to get a more complete profile.

ssrn3