Authentification methods

With dozens of databases available, it’s easy to get lost in all the authentication methods. Although we try to make it as simple and user-friendly as possible, we often have to make compromises with the providers who have their own policies and technical constraints. So let’s go on a tour of all the authentication processes you might encounter when accessing the databases subscribed by the library. The most common and probably the most transparent solution is IP based authentication. For those of you who don’t know, an IP address is a number that uniquely identifies your computer (or your tablet or your phone) on the network. When you connect to the HEC network, you are automatically given an IP address from the pool of addresses owned by HEC. And because our providers know what IP addresses are owned by HEC, they can tell that you are accessing their servers from campus and they give you access to everything we subscribe to. No login, no password, hard to beat that! However, there’s a problem with this method: what happens when you aren’t on campus? This is where our reverse proxy comes in. The reverse proxy is an intermediary. Instead of going straight to the provider’s website, you send requests to the proxy, the proxy sends them to the provider, and sends you back the responses. Because the proxy is on the HEC network, it’s as if you were accessing the database from campus. For that method to work you have to click on the links that we put on the library website: you might think that you’re going directly to the provider’s website but actually you’re interrogating our reverse proxy (If you look carefully you will see “ezproxy.hec.fr” in the URL). In that case, of course, you have to type in your HEC username and password, but it is still IP based authentication.

 

Now let’s look at another authentication method that we use frequently, called Single Sign-On (SSO). More specifically we are going to talk about SAML (short for Security Assertion Markup Language), which is one way to do SSO. Single Sign-On basically means that you can log into many different services with only one user ID and password. It comes in many flavours and one of them is SAML, a useful implementation when the services are distributed across many domains on the web (like our databases). With SAML, when you want to access a service, you are redirected to an Identity Provider (IdP). If you log in successfully with the IdP, you are issued an “assertion” that you pass on to the service provider and in turn the service provider will grant you access to the allowed resources. In our case, HEC play the role of the Identity Provider and the Services Providers are the many database publishers with whom we have a subscription

That way, you log in once, the publishers don’t need to keep a database of all HEC users’credentials and you don’t have to remember yet another username and password.
Do you remember the software “Shibboleth” we talked about in the introduction? It’s a SAML implementation.
It’s great news when a provider allows one of these two methods of authentication. But this isn’t always possible. For some of them you need to create your own account (Bloomberg, Forrester) and for others we need to type in the password ourselves! This is by far the worst method and we try to avoid it as much as we can!

In conclusion, we know that the chosen method isn’t always ideal, but we try to improve it. Whenever we negotiate with a provider, we ask them to make the best effort to implement a user-friendly and “school-friendly” method of authentication. This might be a good time to remind you that the databases subscribed by the library are meant to help you with your academic education and are NOT meant to provide free data to the company you are working for during your internships. It’s harder for us to negotiate good resources when the providers are afraid that students in internships will share their privileges with their employers. Therefore, in a nutshell, whatever the authentication method is, don’t share your password with anyone!

Advertisements

Advice on your online identity and sharing your work

Create an online identity

Maybe your career just started or you can be a well-established researcher, in either case, building an online presence is important.

In a recent blog post, Clarivate Analytics gives some advices on how to build your online researcher identity and increase your impact. Some of them are no-brainers like using your institution’s resources or presenting your work at conferences. Clarivate Analytics also encourage you to create and update your online profile. Publons, a Clarivate Analytics website, but other solutions exist, like Google Scholar; already use by some HEC Researchers.

Another advice is to create a unique identifier; we wrote an article on creating an ORCID. Other solutions are possible, like the Web of Science ResearcherID.

Sharing your work

After creating your online profile and personal identifier, the best way to be visible is to make your work easily accessible and citable. We encourage you to upload your research paper on SSRN, where HEC have a collection. We will be glad to help you if you have any questions regarding SSRN.

A good thing with SSRN: you can now share your data when you upload your paper. Your data will be citable and store on Mendeley. We wrote an article about it here.

Finally, social networks are also important and a great tool to share your work and connect with other researcher.

Do you want to know more?

Read the Clarivate Analytics blog post here.

This blog gives also advices on how to create and maintain your Google Scholar profile.

Positive psychology in a nutshell: the science of happiness d’Ilona Boniwell

Pour accompagner le retour des beaux jours, intéressons-nous à la psychologie positive à travers le livre Positive psychology in a nutshell: the science of happiness du docteur Ilona Boniwell.

Initialement paru en 2006, le livre propose une introduction pédagogique au concept de psychologie positive. Spécialement écrit à l’intention des non-psychologues, le livre aborde en quinze chapitres les notions de bonheur, d’optimisme ou encore d’espoir. Ponctué d’astuces et non dénué d’esprit critique, le livre se veut nuancé : s’il souligne les intérêts de la psychologie positive, il n’en voile pas pour autant les faiblesses.

Dr. Ilona BoniwellC’est en 1999 que le docteur Ilona Boniwell commence à s’intéresser à la psychologie positive. Contrairement à la majorité des recherches en psychologie qui portent alors sur la dépression et les pathologies, la psychologie positive propose de nouveaux sujets d’étude : l’optimisme, l’espoir, le bien-être.

En vingt ans, le rayonnement de la psychologie positive n’a cessé de s’accroître. Fondatrice du premier Master en Psychologie Positive Appliquée en Europe, Ilona Boniwell dirige actuellement le MSc International en Pschologie Positive Appliquée à l’Université Anglia Ruskin au Royaume-Uni. Elle enseigne également le Management Positif à l’Ecole Centrale  et à HEC Paris.

Dans une vidéo réalisée à l’Ecole de Psychologie Positive de Singapour en 2017, Ilona Boniwell évoque la psychologie positive dans le monde des affaires :

Je vous propose également la vidéo de son intervention lors d’une conférence TED en 2013, sur le thème du bonheur et de la résilience :

Ce livre vous intéresse ? Vous n’avez pas à vous déplacer : il fait partie de l’offre de livres numériques du Learning Center. Cliquez ici pour le lire en ligne ou le télécharger. Découvrez également les autres e-books du Learning Center en sciences de gestion et en sciences sociales en vous rendant sur la plateforme Dawsonera.

Elon Musk: Tesla, SpaceX and the quest for a fantastic future d’Ashlee Vance

Ashlee Vance est un écrivain et chroniqueur américain, spécialisé dans les technologies.

Ashlee Vance

Après un premier livre en 2007 retraçant l’histoire de la Silicon Valley, il consacre en 2015 une biographie à l’ingénieur-entrepreneur Elon Musk. Le livre, intitulé Elon Musk: Tesla, SpaceX and the quest for a fantastic future, est aujourd’hui traduit dans une quarantaine de langues.

Rédigé à partir de plus de 30 heures de conversation entre l’auteur et le multimilliardaire, le livre d’Ashlee Vance permet d’en savoir davantage sur l’itinéraire de celui que le New York Times considère comme le plus important entrepreneur du monde.

Dans un entretien de 2015, Vance évoque la genèse de son livre et la manière dont se sont déroulés ses échanges avec Musk :

Né en Afrique du Sud en 1971, Elon Musk déménage au Canada à 17 ans avant de partir pour les États-Unis, où il étudie la physique et l’économie. En 1995, il crée sa première entreprise, Zip2. Il est aujourd’hui à la tête de plusieurs sociétés dont Tesla, SpaceX et SolarCity. Ses objectifs principaux ? Lutter contre le réchauffement climatique et le risque d’extinction de la race humaine.

Invité d’une conférence TED en 2013, Musk répond aux questions de Chris Anderson au sujet de ses multiples projets. Il évoque notamment la possibilité d’envoyer des humains sur Mars dans un avenir proche :

Ce livre vous intéresse ? Il vous attend au Learning Center à la cote 4-1731 VAN.

La Tresse : a book to share

COVER OF THE BOOK : La Tresse

La tresse  is a short book that you’ll enjoy reading. We were immediately captivated by the story of the fate of these three beautiful women.

In these pages, we see how these strong women rejected what life imposed on them and had the courage to follow their convictions.

Smila the Indian girl, Guila the Sicilian and Sahra the Canadian : their destinies finally mixed together and intermingled like the wicks of a braid.

A book to share.

VOD: a world full of promise

Vod or “médiathèque numérique” allows you to select and watch video contents whenever you choose.

A substantial and various selection of contents such as movies, kids shows, cartoons, tv series, documentaries of the Arte and Univers Ciné collections are provided in original versions but with the relevant subtitles.

You can access to 3 contents/ month and stream or download them for 48 hours on your laptop, smartphone or tablet.

How to access? It’s very simple: on the library website, choose “médiatheque numérique” on the databases tab.

Fill in the registration form. Your request will be validated by the library team.

Wait for your confirmation e-mail and then enjoy!

Upload your research paper’s data on Mendeley.

You can now upload your research data on Mendeley when you submit your paper on SSRN.

SSRN is a research paper repository specializing in social sciences, including economics, law, corporate governance, and humanities. It is a great way to share your work and read the work of other researchers.

Mendeley started as a reference manager and is now also an academic social network and a research data repository through Mendeley Data. SSRN and Mendeley are both edited by Elsevier.

Recently, SSRN added a feature to help researchers like you upload their research data on Mendeley while they post their research paper. Then, the data will be linked to the published paper and be citable so the researcher can receive credit if another researcher uses it.

If you are interested in this new feature, next time you log in, while you post your paper on SSRN, just click on Upload research data and you will be redirected to Mendeley Data.

It is a good opportunity to capitalize on your work. Letting other researchers accessyour data can help them validate your research and increase your own confidence in your work.

More information here: https://data.mendeley.com/faq


A mother in the need for truth

Mildred , a woman whose daughter was raped and killed a few months before the film begins, isfurious and frustrated by the police’s results. As the latter have no leads, she decides to rent three abandoned billboards near her home and posts the following messages on them : RAPED WHILE DYING », « AND STILL NO ARRESTS » et « HOW COME, CHIEF WILLOUGHBY? »

These billboards will generate a chain of events.

Inspired from a true story, it is a successful film, however poignant but also full of tenderness, humor and humanity.

Frances McDormand, also an actress and a lead part in  the wondefull film Fargo in 1996, literally shines in front of the camera as a courageous mother

We warmly recommend this film.

Elon Musk: Exploring the Life of an Explorer…

Elon Reeve Musk is a famous technology entrepreneur, investor, and engineer. He is the founder or co-founder of Tesla, SpaceX, PayPal, HyperLoop, Solarcity.

The book tells the story of the entrepreneur from his childhood in South Africa until his last troubles with the American Stock Exchange in 2019.

Elon Reeve Musk was born in 1971 in Pretoria, South Africa. At the age of 17, in 1989, Musk moved to Canada, avoiding the compulsory South African military service. After  studying physics and economics in Pennsylvania, he headed to Stanford University in California to pursue a PhD in energy physics. However, his move coincided with the democratization of Internet, which led him to drop out of Standford just after two days to launch with his brother his first company, Zip2 Corporation,  using the money they raised from a small group of angel investors.

This was the beginning of an amazing career.

Zip2 was a web software company. It developed and marketed an Internet city guide for the newspaper publishing industry. Compaq eventually acquired Zip2 for several hundreds of millions.

In March 1999, Musk co-founded X.com, an online financial services and e-mail payment company, with US$10 million from the sale of Zip2. One year later, the company merged with Confinity, which had a money-transfer service called PayPal.

Fond of space exploration, he tried to regain public interest on this matter in 2001, imagining a way to build a miniature and experimental greenhouse on Mars. He developed the Company Space Exploration Technologies or SpaceX, an aerospace manufacturer and space transportation services company.

Never short of ideas, his goals include reducing global warming through sustainable energy production and consumption and reducing the risk of human extinction by establishing a human colony on Mars.

You can find this book under the calling number 4-1731 VAN.

Passport – Competitors Analytics : a company-centric view of the market

Competitor Analytics is a tool that provides a company-centric view of the FMCG (Fast-Moving Consumer Goods) universe using cross-country standardized data from 20 products and services industries.

Competitor Analytics links all companies together into a quantifiable competitive landscape, using the market overlap measure, which lets you examine how a company actions such as acquisitions have changed its competitive distance to its competitors.

You can use Competitor Analytics for :

A quick overview of a company

    • Evaluate retail sales footprint by country / category.  Identify sales growth drivers in different markets. Find key brands in different country/category  combinations.
    • Understand how companies position themselves in growth vs. mature  markets.

Examine a competitive landscape

    • Confirm which companies are top competitors.
    • Discover companies that are becoming strategically closer together or
      drifting further apart.
    • See how past actions such as acquisitions and market entries have changed
      the competitive landscape.

See the world from a competitor’s perspective

    • In which markets competitors are winning and losing.
    • Tracking the companies that some competitors are actively tracking and compare that to another competitor point of view.

Evaluation of potential mergers and acquisitions

    • Identify gaps in a company’s country and category coverage.
    • Evaluate the complementary fit of companies.
    • Understand anti-competition regulatory challenges that might result from
      an M&A opportunity (combined market share above 50% or significant HHI
      change).

Access Passport GMID and start to use Competitor Analytis : http://www.portal.euromonitor.com.ezproxy.hec.fr/